An '''incentive''' is something that motivation|motivates
an individual to perform an action. The study of incentive structures is central to the study of all economic activities (both in terms of individual decision-making and in terms of co-operation
within a larger institutional structure). Economic analysis, then, of the differences between societies (and between different organizations within a society) largely amounts to characterizing the differences in '''incentive structures''' faced by individuals involved in these collective efforts. Ultimately, incentives aim to provide value for money and contribute to organizational success.
As such the design of incentive system
s is a key management activity.
[Fehrenbacher, Dennis D. (2013-01-01). [http://www.springer.com/cda/content/document/cda_downloaddocument/9783642335983-c1.pdf?SGWID=0-0-45-1394702-p174671179 ''Design of Incentive Systems - Chapter 2: An... ]